The Science of Drains: How to Keep Water Flowing Smoothly | APT

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Posted by Brian Shoemaker

At Advanced Plumbing Technology, we understand the critical role that drains play in maintaining the functionality and cleanliness of various spaces, whether residential, commercial, or industrial. Drains are an essential aspect of any plumbing system, and their proper maintenance is vital to prevent clogs, backups, and costly repairs. In this comprehensive guide, we delve into the science of drains and offer expert insights on how to keep water flowing smoothly through your plumbing system.

Understanding the Drainage System

A drainage system is a network of pipes designed to carry excess water, sewage, and other liquids away from buildings and outdoor areas. This system comprises various components, including sinks, toilets, showers, and floor drains. Proper installation and maintenance of these components are crucial to prevent blockages and ensure efficient water flow.

The Science Behind Drain Clogs

To effectively manage drains and prevent clogs, it’s essential to understand the science behind how clogs occur. Clogs are often the result of accumulated debris such as hair, soap scum, food particles, grease, and mineral buildup. These substances can gradually accumulate on the inner walls of pipes, constricting the flow of water and leading to blockages.

Preventive Measures for Optimal Drainage

At Advanced Plumbing Technology, we emphasize the significance of preventive measures to maintain optimal drainage. Here are some key strategies to keep your drains clear and ensure uninterrupted water flow:

Regular Cleaning

Routine cleaning of drains is crucial to prevent the buildup of debris and potential clogs. For kitchen sinks, avoid pouring grease down the drain and use a sink strainer to catch food particles. In bathrooms, regularly remove hair and soap residue from sink and shower drains to promote smooth water flow.

Hot Water Flushing

Flushing drains with hot water can help dissolve grease and soap scum that may be clinging to the pipes. Once a week, run hot water down the drains for several minutes to maintain their cleanliness and prevent blockages.

Natural Drain Cleaners

Consider using natural drain cleaning solutions as an alternative to harsh chemical cleaners. A mixture of baking soda and vinegar can effectively break down organic materials and keep drains clear. Pour a cup of baking soda followed by a cup of vinegar down the drain, and flush with hot water after 15 minutes.

Regular Inspections

Periodically inspect your drainage system for signs of slow water drainage or unpleasant odors. These could indicate the early stages of a potential clog. Addressing issues promptly can prevent more severe blockages from developing.

Advanced Drain Maintenance Techniques

For more comprehensive drain maintenance, especially in commercial or industrial settings, it’s beneficial to employ advanced techniques that go beyond routine cleaning:

Hydro Jetting

Hydro jetting is a powerful method that involves using high-pressure water to remove stubborn clogs and debris from pipes. This technique is highly effective in restoring optimal water flow and is often used for heavily clogged drains in restaurants, hotels, and other high-traffic establishments.

Drain Snaking

Drain snaking involves using a flexible metal cable (known as a drain snake) to navigate through pipes and dislodge blockages. This technique is particularly useful for addressing deep-seated clogs that are resistant to other methods.

Professional Inspections

Enlist the services of professional plumbers for regular inspections of your drainage system. They have the expertise and specialized tools to identify potential issues before they escalate, saving you time and money on extensive repairs.


Maintaining the functionality of your drainage system is a science that requires a proactive approach and a combination of preventive measures. By understanding the causes of drain clogs and implementing a regular maintenance routine, you can ensure the longevity and efficiency of your plumbing system. At Advanced Plumbing Technology, we are dedicated to providing expert guidance and solutions to keep water flowing smoothly through your drains.